Miniaturized iPS-Cell-Derived Cardiac Muscles for Physiologically Relevant Drug Response Analyses

Nathaniel Huebsch, Peter Loskill, Nikhil Deveshwar, C. Ian Spencer, Luke M. Judge, Mohammad A. Mandegar, Cade B. Fox, Tamer M.A. Mohamed, Zhen Ma, Anurag Mathur, Alice M. Sheehan, Annie Truong, Mike Saxton, Jennie Yoo, Deepak Srivastava, Tejal A. Desai, Po Lin So, Kevin E. Healy, Bruce R. Conklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tissue engineering approaches have the potential to increase the physiologic relevance of human iPSderived cells, such as cardiomyocytes (iPS-CM). However, forming Engineered Heart Muscle (EHM) typically requires <1 million cells per tissue. Existing miniaturization strategies involve complex approaches not amenable to mass production, limiting the ability to use EHM for iPS-based disease modeling and drug screening. Micro-scale cardiospheres are easily produced, but do not facilitate assembly of elongated muscle or direct force measurements. Here we describe an approach that combines features of EHM and cardiospheres: Micro-Heart Muscle (μ HM) arrays, in which elongated muscle fibers are formed in an easily fabricated template, with as few as 2,000 iPS-CM per individual tissue. Within μHM, iPS-CM exhibit uniaxial contractility and alignment, robust sarcomere assembly, and reduced variability and hypersensitivity in drug responsiveness, compared to monolayers with the same cellular composition. μHM mounted onto standard force measurement apparatus exhibited a robust Frank-Starling response to external stretch, and a dose-dependent inotropic response to the β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. Based on the ease of fabrication, the potential for mass production and the small number of cells required to form μHM, this system provides a potentially powerful tool to study cardiomyocyte maturation, disease and cardiotoxicology in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number24726
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Huebsch, N., Loskill, P., Deveshwar, N., Spencer, C. I., Judge, L. M., Mandegar, M. A., Fox, C. B., Mohamed, T. M. A., Ma, Z., Mathur, A., Sheehan, A. M., Truong, A., Saxton, M., Yoo, J., Srivastava, D., Desai, T. A., So, P. L., Healy, K. E., & Conklin, B. R. (2016). Miniaturized iPS-Cell-Derived Cardiac Muscles for Physiologically Relevant Drug Response Analyses. Scientific reports, 6, [24726]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep24726