Mice deficient in L-12/15 lipoxygenase show increased vulnerability to 3-nitropropionic acid neurotoxicity

Yan He, Rita C. Akumuo, Yuan Yang, Sandra J. Hewett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Considerable evidence supports a contributory role for leukocyte-type 12/15 Lipoxygenase (L-12/15 LO) in mediating hippocampal and cortical neuronal injury in models of Alzheimer's disease and stroke. Whether L-12/15 LO contributes to neuronal injury in a model of Huntington's disease (HD) has yet to be determined. HD is characterized by marked striatal neuronal loss, which can be mimicked in humans and animals by inhibition of mitochondrial complex II using 3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP). Herein, we compared histological and behavioral outcomes between mice that were wild-type or null for L-12/15 LO following systemic injection of 3NP. We found that mice deficient in L-12/15 LO had a higher incidence of striatal lesions coincident with an increase in morbidity as compared to their wild-type littermate controls. This could not be explained by differential metabolism of 3-NP as striatal succinate dehydrogenase activity was inhibited to the same extent in both genotypes. The present results show that deleting L-12/15 LO is detrimental to the striatum in the setting of chronic, systemic 3-NP exposure and are consistent with the overall conclusion that region-specific effects may determine the ultimate outcome of L-12/15 LO activation in the setting of brain injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-69
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume643
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2017

Keywords

  • 3-Nitropropionic acid
  • Huntington's disease
  • L-12/15- lipoxygenase
  • Oxidative stress
  • Striatal injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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