Metamorphosis of a butterfly: Synthesis, structural, thermal, magnetic and DFT characterisation of a ferromagnetically coupled tetranuclear copper(ii) complex

Robert P. Doyle, Thomas Bauer, Miguel Julve, Francesc Lloret, Joan Cano, Mark Nieuwenhuyzen, Paul E. Kruger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reaction in water of Cu(OH)2 with 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy) and (NH4)2HPO4 in a 4: 4: 2 molar ratio under an inert atmosphere leads to the formation of a tetranuclear copper(ii) complex of formula {[(H2O)2Cu4(bipy) 44-PO4)22-OH)] ·0.5HPO4·15.5H2O}, 1, with butterfly topology. The structure of the tetranuclear core in 1 consists of four crystallographically unique copper(ii) ions in approximate square-pyramidal geometry with each coordinated to a bipy ligand and interacting through two μ4-O,O′,O″-phosphate bridges. Additional bridging between Cu(3) and Cu(4) is provided by a hydroxide ligand, whereas two water molecules cap the Cu(1) and Cu(2) square pyramids to yield a N2O 3 chromophore at each copper atom. Adjacent tetranuclear units align in anti-parallel fashion where proximate metal-bound water molecules interact with each other through both intra- and inter-molecular H-bonding to link two such clusters. These pairs then further associate through π⋯π interactions between bipy ligands to form a 2D sheet with neighbouring sheets separated by H-bonded lattice water molecules, which form a 2D H-bonded network. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements performed upon 1 reveal net intramolecular ferromagnetic coupling between the copper(ii) ions and this is supported and rationalized by a DFT study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5140-5147
Number of pages8
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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