A series of diiron complexes, in which the Fe atoms are linked by a conjugated bridge, have been investigated through Fenske-Hall molecular orbital calculations. The complexes studied were [CpFeL2]2[μ-(X)m]n+, where Cp = η5-C5H5, L2 = (CO)2 or η2-H2PCH2PH2, X = -CHCHCHCH-, -CCCC-, p-C6H4, or -NCHCHN-, m = 1 or 2, and n = 0, 1, or 2 (in selected combinations). For L = CO, the neutral complexes exhibit only weak delocalization, but the radical cationic and dicationic species show relatively strong π delocalization, as measured by population analysis and effective coupling parameter (Vab) for the mixed-valence cations. All bridges studied participate in π delocalization, with the polyenediyl bridges promoting delocalization most effectively. The property of the bridges that most strongly affects the conjugating ability in the cationic and dicationic complexes is the energy of its highest π orbital relative to the metal πd orbital, while the property that most strongly effects the conjugating ability in the neutrals is the energy of the lowest π* orbital. For L2 = H2-PCH2PH2, delocalization in the neutrals is increased, but the extent of additional delocalization upon oxidation is decreased. In the mononuclear complexes [CpFe(CO)2(CHCH)mH]n+, where m = 1 or 2 and n = 0 or 1, π delocalization is less extensive than in the dinuclear complexes, but not dramatically so.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry