Measuring transactional distance in web-based learning environments: an initial instrument development

Xiaoxia Huang, Aruna Chandra, Concetta DePaolo, Jennifer Cribbs, Lakisha Simmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was an initial attempt to operationalise Moore’s transactional distance theory by developing and validating an instrument measuring the related constructs: dialogue, structure, learner autonomy and transactional distance. Data were collected from 227 online students and analysed through an exploratory factor analysis. Results suggest that the instrument, in general, shows promise as a valid and reliable measure of the constructs related to transactional distance theory. Potential refinement of the instrument and future research directions are included at the end of the article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-126
Number of pages21
JournalOpen Learning
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dialogue
  • instrument development
  • learner autonomy
  • structure
  • transactional distance
  • web-based learning environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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