Measuring the neural correlates of mindfulness with functional near-infrared spectroscopy

Leanne M. Hirshfield, Dessa Bergen-Cico, Mark Costa, Robert J.K. Jacob, Sam Hincks, Matthew Russell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter

2 Scopus citations


Although a good deal of research has explored clinical intervention studies to evaluate the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions, little is known about how mindfulness manifests itself in the mind and body of practitioners. In particular, real-time, objective measurements of state mindfulness would be a valuable tool for researchers to learn more about the mechanisms of mindfulness. In this chapter, we describe prior theoretical definitions of mindfulness, and we demonstrate the utility of the non-invasive, lightweight, and highly practical functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) device for measuring the neural correlates of state mindfulness in the brain in ecologically valid environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEmpirical Studies of Contemplative Practices
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781536140828
ISBN (Print)9781536140811
StatePublished - Aug 28 2018


  • Brain measurement
  • Brain-computer interfaces
  • Functional near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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