Measuring stress resilience and coping in vulnerable youth: The social competence interview

Craig K. Ewart, Randall S. Jorgensen, Sonia Suchday, Edith Chen, Karen A. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

A brief interview to measure stress coping capabilities was developed and tested in 4 samples of African American and White adolescents in low-income neighborhoods of 2 large U.S. cities. The Social Competence Interview (SCI) is a 10-min social stressor that assesses physiological and social-emotional responses to a recurring real-life problem. A new behavioral coding system using audiotapes permits reliable and valid assessment of components of social competence, including Interpersonal Skills (expressiveness, empathy), Goal-Oriented Strivings in coping (self defense, social acceptance, competitiveness, stimulation-pleasure, approval, self improvement), and Social Impact (high vs. low affiliation/ control). High SCI expressiveness and self-defensive striving create a critical-aggressive social impact, which is correlated with increased hostility and anger.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-352
Number of pages14
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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