Measurement of the Mass Difference between Neutral Charm-Meson Eigenstates

(LHCb Collaboration)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use 2.3×106 D0→KS0π+π- decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the CP-averaged normalized mass difference xCP=[2.7±1.6(stat)±0.4(syst)]×10-3 and the CP-violating parameter Δx=[-0.53±0.70(stat)±0.22(syst)]×10-3. The results are consistent with CP symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number231802
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 14 2019

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eigenvectors
mesons
protons
decay
CP violation
interference
collisions
sensitivity
symmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Measurement of the Mass Difference between Neutral Charm-Meson Eigenstates. / (LHCb Collaboration).

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 122, No. 23, 231802, 14.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use 2.3×106 D0→KS0π+π- decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the CP-averaged normalized mass difference xCP=[2.7±1.6(stat)±0.4(syst)]×10-3 and the CP-violating parameter Δx=[-0.53±0.70(stat)±0.22(syst)]×10-3. The results are consistent with CP symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.",
author = "{(LHCb Collaboration)} and R. Aaij and {Abell{\'a}n Beteta}, C. and B. Adeva and M. Adinolfi and Aidala, {C. A.} and Z. Ajaltouni and S. Akar and P. Albicocco and J. Albrecht and F. Alessio and M. Alexander and {Alfonso Albero}, A. and G. Alkhazov and {Alvarez Cartelle}, P. and Alves, {A. A.} and S. Amato and Y. Amhis and L. An and L. Anderlini and G. Andreassi and M. Andreotti and Andrews, {J. E.} and F. Archilli and {Arnau Romeu}, J. and A. Artamonov and Marina Artuso and K. Arzymatov and E. Aslanides and M. Atzeni and B. Audurier and S. Bachmann and Back, {J. J.} and S. Baker and V. Balagura and W. Baldini and A. Baranov and Barlow, {R. J.} and Barrand, {G. C.} and S. Barsuk and W. Barter and M. Bartolini and F. Baryshnikov and V. Batozskaya and B. Batsukh and A. Battig and V. Battista and Blusk, {Steven Roy} and Matthew Rudolph and Tomasz Skwarnicki and Sheldon Stone",
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AU - Aaij, R.

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AU - Adinolfi, M.

AU - Aidala, C. A.

AU - Ajaltouni, Z.

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AU - Amato, S.

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AU - An, L.

AU - Anderlini, L.

AU - Andreassi, G.

AU - Andreotti, M.

AU - Andrews, J. E.

AU - Archilli, F.

AU - Arnau Romeu, J.

AU - Artamonov, A.

AU - Artuso, Marina

AU - Arzymatov, K.

AU - Aslanides, E.

AU - Atzeni, M.

AU - Audurier, B.

AU - Bachmann, S.

AU - Back, J. J.

AU - Baker, S.

AU - Balagura, V.

AU - Baldini, W.

AU - Baranov, A.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Barrand, G. C.

AU - Barsuk, S.

AU - Barter, W.

AU - Bartolini, M.

AU - Baryshnikov, F.

AU - Batozskaya, V.

AU - Batsukh, B.

AU - Battig, A.

AU - Battista, V.

AU - Blusk, Steven Roy

AU - Rudolph, Matthew

AU - Skwarnicki, Tomasz

AU - Stone, Sheldon

PY - 2019/6/14

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N2 - We report a measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates using a novel approach that enhances sensitivity to this parameter. We use 2.3×106 D0→KS0π+π- decays reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011 and 2012. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, we measure the CP-averaged normalized mass difference xCP=[2.7±1.6(stat)±0.4(syst)]×10-3 and the CP-violating parameter Δx=[-0.53±0.70(stat)±0.22(syst)]×10-3. The results are consistent with CP symmetry. These determinations are the most precise from a single experiment and, combined with current world-average results, yield the first evidence that the masses of the neutral charm-meson eigenstates differ.

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