Measurement of a superconducting qubit with a microwave photon counter

A. Opremcak, I. V. Pechenezhskiy, C. Howington, B. G. Christensen, M. A. Beck, E. Leonard, J. Suttle, C. Wilen, K. N. Nesterov, G. J. Ribeill, T. Thorbeck, F. Schlenker, M. G. Vavilov, Britton Plourde, R. McDermott

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fast, high-fidelity measurement is a key ingredient for quantum error correction. Conventional approaches to the measurement of superconducting qubits, involving linear amplification of a microwave probe tone followed by heterodyne detection at room temperature, do not scale well to large system sizes. We introduce an approach to measurement based on a microwave photon counter demonstrating raw single-shot measurement fidelity of 92%. Moreover, the intrinsic damping of the photon counter is used to extract the energy released by the measurement process, allowing repeated high-fidelity quantum nondemolition measurements. Our scheme provides access to the classical outcome of projective quantum measurement at the millikelvin stage and could form the basis for a scalable quantum-to-classical interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1242
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume361
Issue number6408
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Opremcak, A., Pechenezhskiy, I. V., Howington, C., Christensen, B. G., Beck, M. A., Leonard, E., Suttle, J., Wilen, C., Nesterov, K. N., Ribeill, G. J., Thorbeck, T., Schlenker, F., Vavilov, M. G., Plourde, B., & McDermott, R. (2018). Measurement of a superconducting qubit with a microwave photon counter. Science, 361(6408), 1239-1242. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat4625