Materials, fabrication, and manufacturing of Micro/Nanostructured surfaces for phase-change heat transfer enhancement

Matthew McCarthy, Konstantinos Gerasopoulos, Shalabh Chandra Maroo, A. John Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations


This article describes the most prominent materials, fabrication methods, and manufacturing schemes for micro-and nanostructured surfaces that can be employed to enhance phase-change heat transfer phenomena. The numerous processes include traditional microfabrication techniques such as thin-film deposition, lithography, and etching, as well as template-assisted and template-free nanofabrication techniques. The creation of complex, hierarchical, and heterogeneous surface structures using advanced techniques is also reviewed. Additionally, research needs in the field and future directions necessary to translate these approaches from the laboratory to high-performance applications are identified. Particular focus is placed on the extension of these techniques to the design of micro/nanostructures for increased performance, manufacturability, and reliability. The current research needs and goals are detailed, and potential pathways forward are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-310
Number of pages23
JournalNanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2014



  • boiling
  • condensation
  • microstructures
  • nanostructures
  • surface enhancement
  • thin film evaporation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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