Matching alcoholics to treatment - Failure to replicate finding of an earlier study

David Kalman, Richard Longabaugh, Patrick R. Clifford, Martha Beattie, Stephen A. Maisto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether sociopathic alcoholics respond differentially to different types of treatment. An earlier study found that alcoholics with antisocial personality disorder had somewhat better outcomes if treated in individually focused versus relationship- focused cognitive-behavioral treatment. The present study was designed to attempt to replicate these findings. One hundred and forty-nine alcoholics (42 of whom scored high on a measure of sociopathy) were randomly assigned to receive either individually focused cognitive-behavioral treatment or a relationship-focused community reinforcement approach. Follow-up evaluations were conducted every 4 months for 2 years. Results failed to support the study hypothesis. Drinking outcomes were similar for sociopathic alcoholics in both treatment conditions. Directions for future research are identified. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2000


  • Alcohol treatment
  • Alcoholic typology
  • Drug abuse treatment
  • Sociopathy
  • Treatment matching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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