A new regime of gentrification is dramatically restructuring Manila's metropolitan landscape. Grounded upon an on-going neoliberal warfare of accumulation by dispossession, this gentrification serves as the fulfillment of postcolonial visions of a world class and modern metropolis through public-private arrangements and market-oriented developments but necessitates the systematic demolition of informal settlements, the home of the Manila's urban poor and working class population. Through a mixed-methods approach, this paper examines gentrification's spatial forms and trajectories and exposes context specific dynamics facilitating accumulation by dispossession. Using barangay (village)-level data on changes in population of informal households and median zonal values, I calculate for local measures of spatial autocorrelation and locate significant clusters of spatial shifts. Using the quantitative results plus field narratives and community histories, I triangulate local dynamics of accumulation by dispossession. What emerges is a sprawling gentrification process that, in producing a market-oriented metropolis, displaces and asphyxiates informal spaces. These accounts illustrate the contingencies of violence, neoliberal urbanism, colonial legacies of land regimes, and elite power in the production of a globally-competitive Manila. With other Global South megacities similarly competing in the global market, gentrification in Manila, with its expanding landscape of property accumulation and 'legitimized' dispossession, is instructive of the emerging form of gentrification in the 21st century.
- Accumulation by dispossession
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science