Long-term effects of adolescent exposure to olanzapine in C57BL/6 J mice and the impact of dietary fish oil supplementation

Paul L. Soto, Latha Ramalingam, Brianna George, Naima Moustaid-Moussa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rationale: Second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) medications can produce abnormal weight gain and metabolic dysfunction in children, but little is known about the post-treatment consequences of adolescent SGA exposure. Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the long-term, post-treatment effects of adolescent olanzapine exposure on weight and metabolic function and whether dietary fish oil (FO) modulated any observed effects of olanzapine. Methods: Male and female mice were fed a high-fat, high-sugar (HF-HS) diet or an HF-HS diet supplemented with fish oil (HF-HS-FO) and were treated with olanzapine or vehicle for 29 days beginning on postnatal day 37. Results: In male mice, adolescent olanzapine treatment suppressed weight gain during and after treatment and improved metabolic function in adulthood; dietary fish oil reduced weight gain, increased expression of fatty acid oxidation genes, and decreased expression of genes associated with fatty acid synthesis and inflammation. In contrast, few effects were observed in female mice. Conclusions: The current results suggest that adolescent olanzapine exposure can produce long-term alterations in weight and metabolic function in male mice and that dietary fish oil can reduce adverse effects of lifelong consumption of an HF-HS diet. Because expected adverse effects of adolescent olanzapine treatment were not observed, the potential beneficial effects of dietary fish oil for SGA-induced weight gain and metabolic dysfunction could not be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3117-3131
Number of pages15
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume239
Issue number10
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Antipsychotic
  • Fish oil
  • Metabolic
  • Mice
  • Olanzapine
  • Weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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