Local geographies of crime and punishment in a plantation colony: Gender and incarceration in Barbados, 1878-1928

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines gendered profiles of crime and punishment in Barbados between 1878 and 1928. During this period, Barbados stood out from the rest of the Caribbean in levels of imprisonment of women. The context of unusuall high levels of female committals to custody - related to (1) women's prominence in the labor force, (2) entrapment within conditions of near-total plantation monopoly, (3) high levels of male migration and (most importantly) criminalization of so-called "abandoned" dependants - provides the backdrop for an examination of penal regimes in Barbados. Using spatial frames, particularly those generated in studies of "colonial geographies," the article surveys gender differences in crimes, institutional arrangements, and punishments within prison. It also analyzes penal system changes that occurred over the period, signaling the transition to a new disciplinary regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-290
Number of pages28
JournalNWIG New West Indian Guide
Volume86
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Barbados
penalty
offense
geography
gender
regime
criminalization
system change
imprisonment
child custody
monopoly
labor force
correctional institution
gender-specific factors
migration
examination
Geography
Incarceration
Colonies
Crime and Punishment

Keywords

  • Barbados
  • Carceral geographies
  • Females
  • Migrations
  • Plantation systems
  • Prisons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This article examines gendered profiles of crime and punishment in Barbados between 1878 and 1928. During this period, Barbados stood out from the rest of the Caribbean in levels of imprisonment of women. The context of unusuall high levels of female committals to custody - related to (1) women's prominence in the labor force, (2) entrapment within conditions of near-total plantation monopoly, (3) high levels of male migration and (most importantly) criminalization of so-called {"}abandoned{"} dependants - provides the backdrop for an examination of penal regimes in Barbados. Using spatial frames, particularly those generated in studies of {"}colonial geographies,{"} the article surveys gender differences in crimes, institutional arrangements, and punishments within prison. It also analyzes penal system changes that occurred over the period, signaling the transition to a new disciplinary regime.",
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