Linguistic Changes in Online Citizen Science: A Structurational Perspective

Corey Brian Jackson, Carsten Oesterlund, Mahboobeh Harandi, Dhruv Kharwar, Kevin G Crowston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

For peer-production projects to be successful, members must develop a specific and universal language that enables them to cooperate. Complicating the development of language in some projects is the lack of formalized structures (e.g., roles) that communicate to members the norms and practices around language. We address the question of how do role differences among participants interact with the adoption and dissemination of new terminologies in open peer production communities? Answering this question is crucial because we want communities to be productive even when self-managed, which requires understanding how shared language emerges. We examine this question using a structurational lens in the setting of a citizen science project. Exploring the use of words in the Gravity Spy citizen science project, we find that many words are reused and that most new words that are introduced are not picked up, showing a reproduction of structure. However, some novel words are used by others, showing an evolution of the structure. Participants with roles closer to the science are more likely to have their words reused, showing the mutually reinforcing nature of structures of signification, legitimation, and domination.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems
Place of PublicationMunich, Germany
StatePublished - Dec 2019
Event40th International Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2019 - Munich, Germany
Duration: Dec 15 2019Dec 18 2019

Conference

Conference40th International Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2019
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period12/15/1912/18/19

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  • Cite this

    Jackson, C. B., Oesterlund, C., Harandi, M., Kharwar, D., & Crowston, K. G. (2019). Linguistic Changes in Online Citizen Science: A Structurational Perspective. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems [2982].