Light and dark adaptation in Phycomyces light-growth response

E. D. Lipson, S. M. Block

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sporangiophores of the fungus Phycomyces exhibit adaptation to light stimuli over a dynamic range of 10 10. This range applies to both phototropism and the closely related light-growth response; in the latter response, the elongation rate is modulated transiently by changes in the light intensity. We have performed light- and dark-adaptation experiments on growing sporangiophores using an automated tracking machine that allows a continuous measurement of growth velocity under controlled conditions. The results are examined in terms of the adaptation model of Delbruck and Reichardt (1956, Cellular Mechanisms in Differentiation and Growth, 3-44). The 'level of adaptation', A, was inferred from responses to test pulses of light by means of a series of intensity-response curves. For dark adaptation to steps down in the normal intensity range (10 -6-10 -2 W/m 2), A decays exponentially with a time constant b = 6.1 ± 0.3 min. This result is in agreement with the model. Higher-order kinetics are indicated, however, for dark adaptation in the high-intensity range (10 -2 W/m 2). Adaptation in this range is compared with predictions of a model relating changes in A to the inactivation and recovery of a receptor pigment. In response to steps up in intensity in the normal range, A was found to increase rapidly, overshoot the applied intensity level, and then relax to that level within 40 min. These results are incompatible with the Delbruck-Reichardt model or any simple generalizations of it. The asymmetry and overshoot are similar to adaptation phenomena observed in systems as diverse as bacterial chemotaxis and human vision. It appears likely that light and dark adaptation in Phycomyces are mediated by altogether different processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-859
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of General Physiology
Volume81
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1983

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Phycomyces
Ocular Adaptation
Dark Adaptation
Light
Growth
Phototropism
Reference Values
Chemotaxis
Fungi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Light and dark adaptation in Phycomyces light-growth response. / Lipson, E. D.; Block, S. M.

In: Journal of General Physiology, Vol. 81, No. 6, 1983, p. 845-859.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lipson, ED & Block, SM 1983, 'Light and dark adaptation in Phycomyces light-growth response', Journal of General Physiology, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 845-859.
Lipson, E. D. ; Block, S. M. / Light and dark adaptation in Phycomyces light-growth response. In: Journal of General Physiology. 1983 ; Vol. 81, No. 6. pp. 845-859.
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