Life events and alcohol use disorder clinical course: Modeling the dynamic association

Marketa Krenek, Mark A. Prince, Stephen A. Maisto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Despite over 35 years of study, the relationship between life events (LEs) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment outcome lacks consistent empirical support, which may be due to a lack of theoretically driven designs and corresponding statistical analyses. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the LEs-AUD treatment outcome relationship by statistically modeling the dynamic relationship between negative LEs and alcohol use post-treatment, as it is conceptualized within the dynamic model of relapse. Methods Existing longitudinal data from 417 AUD treatment-seeking adults were randomly assigned to two demographically comparable samples. One sample (N = 208) was used to estimate a series of dynamic bivariate latent change score models that differentially relate latent indicators of distal and proximal negative LEs (i.e., events subjectively rated as negative) and percent heavy drinking days across 12 months. Cross-validation was conducted on the second sample (N = 209). Results Findings indicated that distal negative LEs were positively associated with a greater increase in negative LEs, but not heavy drinking, over the subsequent 12 months. Proximal negative LEs were significantly associated with subsequent increases in heavy drinking, though heavy drinking was not a determinant of change in negative LEs. These findings were cross-validated with the second sample. Conclusions This study provides initial justification for the further study of the LEs-alcohol use relationship as it is described in the dynamic model of relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume180
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorder
  • Bivariate latent change score analysis
  • Heavy drinking
  • Negative life events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Life events and alcohol use disorder clinical course: Modeling the dynamic association'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this