Letting go of 'Conventionalisation': Family labour on new zealand organic dairy farms

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13 Scopus citations


In contrast to arguments about the conventionalisation of organic agriculture, this study of organic dairy labour relations in New Zealand finds that many organic producers have reverted to a heavy reliance on family labour even while conventional New Zealand dairy farms are increasingly dependent on paid non-family and immigrant labour. I argue that a return to classic rural sociological literature on the persistence of family farming and the agrarian question explains this seeming anomaly, and that the narrative of conventionalisation oversimplifies the complexity of labour relations specifically and organic agricultural production more broadly. Labour relations in both conventional and organic agriculture are complex and contradictory, further demonstrating the importance of specificity and historicity in analysis of the organic agrifood system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-105
Number of pages21
JournalSociologia Ruralis
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


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