Lead free CH3NH3SnI3 perovskite thin-film with p-type semiconducting nature and metal-like conductivity

Anastasiia Iefanova, Nirmal Adhikari, Ashish Dubey, Devendra Khatiwada, Qiquan Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Lead free CH3NH3SnI3 perovskite thin film was prepared by low temperature solution processing and characterized using current sensing atomic force microscopy (CS-AFM). Analysis of electrical, optical, and optoelectrical properties reveals unique p-type semiconducting nature and metal like conductivity of this material. CH3NH3SnI3 film also showed a strong absorption in visible and near infrared spectrum with absorption onset of 1.3 eV. X-ray Diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed a structure of this compound and uniform film formation. The morphology, film uniformity, light harvesting and electrical properties strongly depend on preparation method and precursor solution. CH3NH3SnI3 films prepared based on dimethylformamide (DMF) showed higher crystallinity and light harvesting capability compared to the film based on combination of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) with gamma-butyrolactone (GBL). Local photocurrent mapping analysis showed that CH3NH3SnI3 can be used as an active layer and have a potential to fabricate lead free photovoltaic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number085312
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Lead free CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub>SnI<sub>3</sub> perovskite thin-film with p-type semiconducting nature and metal-like conductivity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this