Lattice computation of the electromagnetic contributions to kaon and pion masses

S. Basak, A. Bazavov, C. Bernard, C. Detar, L. Levkova, E. Freeland, Steven Gottlieb, A. Torok, U. M. Heller, J. Laiho, J. Osborn, R. L. Sugar, D. Toussaint, R. S. Van De Water, R. Zhou

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Abstract

We present a lattice calculation of the electromagnetic (EM) effects on the masses of light pseudoscalar mesons. The simulations employ 2+1 dynamical flavors of asqtad QCD quarks and quenched photons. Lattice spacings vary from ≈0.12 fm to ≈0.045 fm. We compute the quantity ϵ, which parametrizes the corrections to Dashen's theorem for the K+-K0 EM mass splitting, as well as ϵK0, which parametrizes the EM contribution to the mass of the K0 itself. An extension of the nonperturbative EM renormalization scheme introduced by the BMW group is used in separating EM effects from isospin-violating quark mass effects. We correct for leading finite-volume effects in our realization of lattice electrodynamics in chiral perturbation theory, and remaining finite-volume errors are relatively small. While electroquenched effects are under control for ϵ, they are estimated only qualitatively for ϵK0 and constitute one of the largest sources of uncertainty for that quantity. We find ϵ=0.78(1)stat(+8-11)syst and ϵK0=0.035(3)stat(20)syst. We then use these results on 2+1+1 flavor pure QCD highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) ensembles and find mu/md=0.4529(48)stat(+150-67)syst.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034503
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Basak, S., Bazavov, A., Bernard, C., Detar, C., Levkova, L., Freeland, E., Gottlieb, S., Torok, A., Heller, U. M., Laiho, J., Osborn, J., Sugar, R. L., Toussaint, D., Van De Water, R. S., & Zhou, R. (2019). Lattice computation of the electromagnetic contributions to kaon and pion masses. Physical Review D, 99(3), [034503]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.99.034503