We report the formation of high surface area hollow Mn3O4 nanoparticles that form as a result of the galvanic reaction of Cu2+ with MnO nanocrystals concomitant with a nanoscale Kirkendall effect. The MnO nanocrystals were prepared according to the ultralarge scale synthesis reported by Hyeon, which allowed the preparation of hollow Mn3O4 in multigram quantities. Ex-situ analyses with transmission electron microscopy and powder X-ray diffraction show the morphology and phase stability of the hollow particles correlate with DSC-TGA data and show collapse of the hollow particles at temperatures greater than 200 °C. Electrodes fabricated from hollow Mn3O4 exhibited excellent initial Li ion storage capability (initial discharge capacity = 1324 mAh/g) but poor cycling performance (97% loss of discharge capacity after 10th cycle), whereas Mn3O4-MWCNT electrodes exhibited good reversibility and discharge capacity of 760 mAh/g after 100 cycles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films