Joinpoint Regression Methods of Aggregate Outcomes for Complex Survey Data

Benmei Liu, Hyune Ju Kim, Eric J. Feuer, Barry I. Graubard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Joinpoint regression can model trends in time-specific estimates from aggregated data. These methods have been developed mainly for nonsurvey data such as cancer registry data assuming that the time-specific estimates are uncorrelated from time point to time point. This independence assumption can be violated for trends in time-specific estimates from complex survey samples due to using the same primary sampling units across time and, therefore, the full variance-covariance matrix of the time-specific estimates should be incorporated into the regression model fitting. This article extends these joinpoint methods for analyzing complex survey data within the National Cancer Institute's Joinpoint software and empirically compares the extended method to existing methods for analyses of time trends in three surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)967-989
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Survey Statistics and Methodology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2023


  • Complex survey data
  • Joinpoint regression
  • Trend analysis
  • Variance-covariance matrix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics


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