Japanese Anime Heroines as Role Models for U.S. Youth: Wishful Identification, Parasocial Interaction, and Intercultural Entertainment Effects

Srividya Ramasubramanian, Sarah Kornfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper uses survey methods (N=385) to examine the underlying processes through which U.S. fans create meaningful relationships with Japanese media characters. Specifically, this study tests an integrated model linking character perceptions, wishful identification, and parasocial relationships in the context of fans of shōjo, a heroine-centric genre of Japanese anime. Results suggest that liking a heroine's pro-social traits leads to greater wishful identification and more intense parasocial relationships with the heroine. Theoretical implications for reception studies and intercultural entertainment, and practical implications for role-modeling effects of positive female characters on young audiences are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-207
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of International and Intercultural Communication
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Japanese Anime
  • Media Effects
  • Parasocial Interaction
  • Pro-Social Effects
  • Wishful Identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication

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