Isolation, visualization, characterization, and osmotic reactivity of crayfish BLMV

Michele G. Wheatly, Jennifer R. Weil, Phyllis B. Douglas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Procedures were developed to isolate basolateral membrane vesicles (BLMV) from gill, hepatopancreas, and antennal gland of intermolt freshwater crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. Individual procedures involved a discontinuous sucrose gradient (gill), a 65% sucrose cushion (hepatopancreas), or differential centrifugation (antennal gland). BLMV were visualized, characterized (37°C), and tested for osmotic reactivity with a view to using them for Ca2+ uptake studies. Mean diameters of BLMV were 159 nm (gill), 363 nm (hepatopancreas), and 226 nm (antennal gland). Enrichments of basolateral membranes and mitochondria in BLMV were, respectively, 18- and 1.7-fold for gill, 9- and 0.4-fold for hepatopancreas, and 10- and 1-fold for antennal gland. Apical contamination was negligible in BLMV. Percentages of resealing of vesicles as inside out, right side out, or leaky/sheets were 17:27:56% (gill), 14:26:60% (hepatopancreas), and 21:39: 40% (antennal gland). Vesicles exhibited osmotic reactivity, as indicated by a linear relationship between vesicular 45Ca2+ uptake and osmolality. Nonspecific 45Ca2+ binding was 20% in gill, 39% in hepatopancreas, and 31% in antennal gland. Data were compared with published values for marine crustaceans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R725-R734
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume274
Issue number3 43-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antennal gland
  • Basolateral membrane vesicles
  • Freshwater crayfish
  • Gill
  • Hepatopancreas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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