Introduced grazers can restrict potential soil carbon sequestration through impacts on plant community composition

Sumanta Bagchi, Mark E. Ritchie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


Grazing occurs over a third of the earth's land surface and may potentially influence the storage of 109 Mg year-1 of greenhouse gases as soil C. Displacement of native herbivores by high densities of livestock has often led to overgrazing and soil C loss. However, it remains unknown whether matching livestock densities to those of native herbivores can yield equivalent soil C sequestration. In the Trans-Himalayas we found that, despite comparable grazing intensities, watersheds converted to pastoralism had 49% lower soil C than watersheds which retain native herbivores. Experimental grazer-exclusion within each watershed type, show that this difference appears to be driven by indirect effects of livestock diet selection, leading to vegetation shifts that lower plant production and reduce likely soil C inputs from vegetation by c. 25 gC m-2 year-1. Our results suggest that while accounting for direct impacts (stocking density) is a major step, managing indirect impacts on vegetation composition are equally important in influencing soil C sequestration in grazing ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)959-968
Number of pages10
JournalEcology Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2010


  • Biodiversity
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Climate change
  • Ecosystem function
  • Ecosystem services
  • Human natural ecosystems
  • Land use change
  • Livestock production
  • Rangelands
  • Wildlife conservation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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