Intracellular calcium pools and their metabolic dependence in normal versus simian virus 40-transformed human fibroblasts

J. W. Smith, J. T. Tupper

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies indicate that although normal and Simian virus (SV40)-transformed W138 human fibroblasts have similar levels of intracellular Ca++ on a per mg protein basis, their ability to maintain this intracellular Ca++ against a low concentration of extracellular Ca++ differs markedly. The transformed but not the normal cells rapidly lose Ca++ when exposed to low extracellular Ca++, suggesting Ca++ transport and/or sequestration differ in the two cell types. In this study we have extended our investigations of Ca++ metabolism in the two cell types. We observe that normal W138 cells, when exposed to metabolic inhibitors to deplete intracellular ATP, undergo a twofold increase in intracellular Ca++ levels. Under similar conditions and over the same time course, no comparable change in Ca++ levels is observed in the SV40-transformed cell, despite the extensive depletion of ATP. 45Ca++ desaturation curves indicate that the bulk of the net increase in cell Ca++ following ATP depletion of the normal W138 cell comes to reside in a slowly exchanging Ca++ pool. The data also indicate that glycolysis, and not oxidative phosphorylation, drives the active extrusion of Ca++ from these cells, an observation consistent with previous studies on the Na+-K+ pump in other cell types. Finally, the data indicate that in these cells mitochondria do not appear to be the major subcellular organelle responsible for regulation of at least the two cellular Ca++ pools measurable using isotope desaturation analysis. This is based on the inability of the respiratory inhibitor rotenone to alter significantly the size of either of these Ca++ pools. These pools compose 80-90% of total cell Ca++ in both cell types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-314
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume120
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology

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