Intergenerational Religious Participation in Adolescence and Provision of Assistance to Older Mothers

Merril D Silverstein, Dongmei Zuo, Jinpu Wang, Vern L. Bengtson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This investigation examined the association between intergenerational religious activities in adolescence and provision of assistance to older mothers up to 45 years later. Background: Guided by perspectives of the life course and intergenerational solidarity, this research tested whether children's early religious participation with mothers predicted the amount of assistance children later provided, whether mothers' disability and widowhood served as moderators of this relationship, and whether any such moderation was mediated by emotional closeness, geographic proximity, and eldercare norms. Method: Data were derived from 220 adolescents who participated in the Longitudinal Study of Generations in 1971 and up to four follow-up surveys between 1997 and 2016, yielding 608 person-year observations. Multilevel regression predicted the amount of assistance provided to older mothers as a function of early religious participation with mothers, physical and social vulnerability of mothers, and dimensions of intergenerational solidarity with mothers in later life. Results: The results revealed elevated levels of assistance provided by children who earlier engaged in intermittent and regular religious activities with mothers. The relationship between regular religious activities and assistance was stronger for assistance to widowed mothers than to married mothers, and this moderation was partially mediated by emotional closeness and geographic proximity. Conclusion: This research confirmed that early family conditions structure informal resources available to older parents. Religious socialization during an impressionable period of life produced emergent benefits at a point in the family lifecycle when intergenerational solidarity becomes important for well-being in later life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

adolescence
assistance
participation
solidarity
religious socialization
informal structure
Adolescence
Participation
Religion
moderator
longitudinal study
vulnerability
parents
well-being
disability
adolescent
regression
human being
resources

Keywords

  • caregiving
  • intergenerational
  • longitudinal research
  • older adults
  • parent–child relationships
  • religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Intergenerational Religious Participation in Adolescence and Provision of Assistance to Older Mothers. / Silverstein, Merril D; Zuo, Dongmei; Wang, Jinpu; Bengtson, Vern L.

In: Journal of Marriage and Family, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{34a736fe5c0147838cea9e9df15488a4,
title = "Intergenerational Religious Participation in Adolescence and Provision of Assistance to Older Mothers",
abstract = "Objective: This investigation examined the association between intergenerational religious activities in adolescence and provision of assistance to older mothers up to 45 years later. Background: Guided by perspectives of the life course and intergenerational solidarity, this research tested whether children's early religious participation with mothers predicted the amount of assistance children later provided, whether mothers' disability and widowhood served as moderators of this relationship, and whether any such moderation was mediated by emotional closeness, geographic proximity, and eldercare norms. Method: Data were derived from 220 adolescents who participated in the Longitudinal Study of Generations in 1971 and up to four follow-up surveys between 1997 and 2016, yielding 608 person-year observations. Multilevel regression predicted the amount of assistance provided to older mothers as a function of early religious participation with mothers, physical and social vulnerability of mothers, and dimensions of intergenerational solidarity with mothers in later life. Results: The results revealed elevated levels of assistance provided by children who earlier engaged in intermittent and regular religious activities with mothers. The relationship between regular religious activities and assistance was stronger for assistance to widowed mothers than to married mothers, and this moderation was partially mediated by emotional closeness and geographic proximity. Conclusion: This research confirmed that early family conditions structure informal resources available to older parents. Religious socialization during an impressionable period of life produced emergent benefits at a point in the family lifecycle when intergenerational solidarity becomes important for well-being in later life.",
keywords = "caregiving, intergenerational, longitudinal research, older adults, parent–child relationships, religion",
author = "Silverstein, {Merril D} and Dongmei Zuo and Jinpu Wang and Bengtson, {Vern L.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jomf.12592",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Marriage and Family",
issn = "0022-2445",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intergenerational Religious Participation in Adolescence and Provision of Assistance to Older Mothers

AU - Silverstein, Merril D

AU - Zuo, Dongmei

AU - Wang, Jinpu

AU - Bengtson, Vern L.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: This investigation examined the association between intergenerational religious activities in adolescence and provision of assistance to older mothers up to 45 years later. Background: Guided by perspectives of the life course and intergenerational solidarity, this research tested whether children's early religious participation with mothers predicted the amount of assistance children later provided, whether mothers' disability and widowhood served as moderators of this relationship, and whether any such moderation was mediated by emotional closeness, geographic proximity, and eldercare norms. Method: Data were derived from 220 adolescents who participated in the Longitudinal Study of Generations in 1971 and up to four follow-up surveys between 1997 and 2016, yielding 608 person-year observations. Multilevel regression predicted the amount of assistance provided to older mothers as a function of early religious participation with mothers, physical and social vulnerability of mothers, and dimensions of intergenerational solidarity with mothers in later life. Results: The results revealed elevated levels of assistance provided by children who earlier engaged in intermittent and regular religious activities with mothers. The relationship between regular religious activities and assistance was stronger for assistance to widowed mothers than to married mothers, and this moderation was partially mediated by emotional closeness and geographic proximity. Conclusion: This research confirmed that early family conditions structure informal resources available to older parents. Religious socialization during an impressionable period of life produced emergent benefits at a point in the family lifecycle when intergenerational solidarity becomes important for well-being in later life.

AB - Objective: This investigation examined the association between intergenerational religious activities in adolescence and provision of assistance to older mothers up to 45 years later. Background: Guided by perspectives of the life course and intergenerational solidarity, this research tested whether children's early religious participation with mothers predicted the amount of assistance children later provided, whether mothers' disability and widowhood served as moderators of this relationship, and whether any such moderation was mediated by emotional closeness, geographic proximity, and eldercare norms. Method: Data were derived from 220 adolescents who participated in the Longitudinal Study of Generations in 1971 and up to four follow-up surveys between 1997 and 2016, yielding 608 person-year observations. Multilevel regression predicted the amount of assistance provided to older mothers as a function of early religious participation with mothers, physical and social vulnerability of mothers, and dimensions of intergenerational solidarity with mothers in later life. Results: The results revealed elevated levels of assistance provided by children who earlier engaged in intermittent and regular religious activities with mothers. The relationship between regular religious activities and assistance was stronger for assistance to widowed mothers than to married mothers, and this moderation was partially mediated by emotional closeness and geographic proximity. Conclusion: This research confirmed that early family conditions structure informal resources available to older parents. Religious socialization during an impressionable period of life produced emergent benefits at a point in the family lifecycle when intergenerational solidarity becomes important for well-being in later life.

KW - caregiving

KW - intergenerational

KW - longitudinal research

KW - older adults

KW - parent–child relationships

KW - religion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068399122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068399122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jomf.12592

DO - 10.1111/jomf.12592

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Marriage and Family

JF - Journal of Marriage and Family

SN - 0022-2445

ER -