Interface motion in random media at finite temperature

Lee Wen Chen, M. Cristina Marchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied numerically the dynamics of a one-dimensional driven elastic interface in a random medium, focusing on the thermal rounding of the depinning transition and on the behavior in the T=0 pinned phase. Thermal effects are quantitatively more important than expected from simple dimensional estimates. For a sufficiently low temperature, the creep velocity at a driving force equal to the T=0 depinning force exhibits a power-law dependence on T, in agreement with earlier theoretical and numerical predictions for charge-density waves. We have also examined the dynamics in the T=0 pinned phase resulting from slowly increasing the driving force towards threshold. The distribution of avalanche sizes S decays as S-1-κ, with κ=0.05±0.05, in agreement with recent theoretical conjectures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6296-6308
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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