Integrated energy performance modeling for a retail store building

Bing Dong, Mikhail Gorbounov, Shui Yuan, Tiejun Wu, Abhishek Srivastav, Trevor Bailey, Zheng O'Neill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This paper presents an integrated energy performance modeling approach that considers heat and mass transfer through building envelope, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) and refrigeration systems of a retail store building with limited measured data. The internal heat gains/losses were estimated based on an Extended Kalman Filter. The simulation coupling strategy among room top units (RTUs), refrigeration display cases and zones is based on the ping-pong coupling strategy. The integrated model was validated against measured data from June to August, 2011. The results show that temperature prediction is within the ±1.5°C error band and the RTU electricity energy use prediction is within the ±10% error band. The difference between measured and simulated annual electricity consumption from the refrigeration system is 3%. Based on further analysis and diagnostics, deviations of model predictions from measured data were found to be partially due to the faults in the RTUs. Such deviation accounts for a 4% saving of the total building electrical energy consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-295
Number of pages13
JournalBuilding Simulation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • heat and mass transfer
  • model calibration and validation
  • reduced order model
  • retail store

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy (miscellaneous)


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