### Abstract

This article considers the problem of using synchronous mobile agents to decontaminate the nodes of a graph given a spreading contamination. We begin by considering the problem of minimizing cleaning time, given initial agent, and contamination locations. Then, we take as input a set of all possible locations in which a contamination can start and examine problems in which we strategically preposition agents. In one problem, we minimize the number of agents and prescribe their initial locations, so that the graph can be cleaned within a time limit for any potential initial contamination. We also determine the best initial locations for some predetermined number of agents to minimize expected cleaning time, given probability estimates of potential initial contamination locations. We analyze the complexity of each variant and formulate the problems as mixed-integer programs. As an alternative method, we also provide a construction heuristic for the cleaning problem and cutting-plane algorithms for the agent location problems. Computational results using these approaches demonstrate the efficacy of our procedures.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 1-19 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Networks |

Volume | 61 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2013 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Keywords

- NP-completeness
- cutting-plane algorithm
- decomposition
- graph decontamination
- integer programming

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software
- Information Systems
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications

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## Cite this

*Networks*,

*61*(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/net.21460