Indoor and urban environmental monitoring using "virtual building" approach

Wei Feng, Jensen S. Zhang, Shinsuke Kato, Ezzat Khalifa, Max Zhang, Andrea Ferro, Phil Hopke, Myron Michel

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A "Virtual Building (VB)" uses Object-Oriented Database to store and represent digitally building information in a hierarchical structure. The objective of this study was to use the VB approach to develop a real-time indoor and urban environmental monitoring system. It included a new and expanded primary database structure implemented in a web-based database program, interactive modules between the main database to sub-databases that obtain data directly from various type of sensors/network of sensors, or from the building energy management system. At each level of the primary database structure, different indoor and outdoor monitoring parameters were defined and categorized. The approach was demonstrated in a pilot testbed using an office building. Measurements of temperature, humidity and CO2 at 16 different locations, and indoor VOC concentrations were conducted in the pilot testbed. The monitored data were used to illustrate the dynamics of indoor thermal and air quality conditions as a function of outdoor weather and indoor occupancy conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2009
Event9th International Healthy Buildings Conference and Exhibition, HB 2009 - Syracuse, NY, United States
Duration: Sep 13 2009Sep 17 2009


Other9th International Healthy Buildings Conference and Exhibition, HB 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySyracuse, NY


  • Building and urban environmental monitoring
  • Indoor environment
  • Object oriented database
  • Virtual building

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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