Individual differences in the "Greek effect" on risky drinking: The role of self-consciousness

Aesoon Park, Kenneth J. Sher, Jennifer L. Krull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the environmental influence of Greek affiliation on drinking has been established, little is known about intrapersonal characteristics that make individuals susceptible to this influence. Self-consciousness (attending to one's self) was hypothesized to represent dispositional vulnerability to environmental influence. The potential moderating effect of self-consciousness on the relation between Greek involvement and drinking was examined longitudinally among college students (N = 319). The effect of Greek status was moderated by private and public self-consciousness and by gender. Specifically, non-Greek members' drinking was not influenced by self-consciousness. However, sorority members increased drinking as private self-consciousness increased, whereas fraternity members increased drinking as private and public self-consciousness decreased. These findings indicate that the "Greek effect" interacts with individual characteristics to affect drinking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

Keywords

  • College drinking
  • Fraternity and sorority involvement
  • Multilevel model
  • Risky drinking
  • Self-consciousness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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