Incarceration and living arrangements: Findings from the national health and social life survey

Andrew S. London, Wendy M. Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The authors use data from the 1992 National Health and Social Life Survey to examine the association between incarceration and living arrangements, net of a range of sociodemographic and early life characteristics. Relative to living with a spouse and child(ren), there is evidence that a history of incarceration is strongly associated with several nonnuclear living arrangements, including living alone, as a sole adult with child(ren), with a partner and child(ren), with a partner but no child, and with other family but no spouse, partner, or child. These living arrangements may be indicative of lower levels of social integration, which have potentially serious consequences for these individuals as well as their families and communities. The authors discuss these results with reference to the decades-long, unprecedented mass incarceration that is ongoing in the United States today.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)787-812
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2009


  • Cohabitation
  • Incarceration
  • Living arrangements
  • Marriage
  • Nuclear family

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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