Improving aerodynamic matching of axial compressor blading using a three-dimensional multistage inverse design method

M. P.C. van Rooij, T. Q. Dang, L. M. Larosiliere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Current turbomachinery design systems increasingly rely on multistage CFD as a means to diagnose designs and assess performance potential. However design weaknesses attributed to improper stage matching are addressed using often ineffective strategies involving a costly iterative loop between blading modification, revision of design intent, and further evaluation of aerodynamic performance. A scheme is proposed herein which greatly simplifies the design point blade row matching process. It is based on a three-dimensional viscous inverse method that has been extended to allow blading analysis and design in a multi-blade row environment. For computational expediency, blade row coupling is achieved through an averaging-plane approximation. To limit computational time, the inverse method was parallelized. The proposed method allows improvement of design point blade row matching by direct regulation of the circulation capacity of the blading within a multistage environment. During the design calculation, blade shapes are adjusted to account for inflow and outflow conditions while producing a prescribed pressure loading. Thus, it is computationally ensured that the intended pressure-loading distribution is consistent with the derived blading geometry operating in a multiblade row environment that accounts for certain blade row interactions. The viability of the method is demonstrated in design exercises involving the rotors of a 2.5 stage, highly loaded compressor. Individually redesigned rotors display mismatching when run in the 2.5 stage, evident as a deviation from design intent. However simultaneous redesign of the rotors in their multistage environment produces the design intent, indicating that aerodynamic matching has been achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-118
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Turbomachinery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Compressor stage matching
  • Inverse aerodynamic shape design
  • Multistage turbomachinery CFD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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