Motivated by the numerous healthcare applications of molecular communication inside blood vessels of the human body, this paper considers multiple relay/cooperative nanomachine (CN)-assisted molecular communication between a source nanomachine (SN) and a destination nanomachine (DN) where each nanomachine is mobile in a diffusion-advection flow channel. Using the first hitting time model, the impact of the intermediate CNs on the performance of the aforementioned system with fully absorbing receivers is comprehensively analyzed taking into account the presence of various degrading factors, such as inter-symbol interference, multi-source interference, and counting errors. For this purpose, the optimal decision rules are derived for symbol detection at each of the CNs and the DN. Furthermore, closed-form expressions are derived for the probabilities of detection and false alarm at each CN and DN, along with the overall end-to-end probability of error and channel achievable rate for communication between the SN and DN. Simulation results are presented to corroborate the theoretical results derived and also to yield insights into the system performance under various mobility conditions.
- Cooperative nanomachines
- fully absorbing receivers
- likelihood ratio test (LRT)
- mobile molecular communication
- optimal detection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering