I/Ca in epifaunal benthic foraminifera: A semi-quantitative proxy for bottom water oxygen in a multi-proxy compilation for glacial ocean deoxygenation

Wanyi Lu, Rosalind E.M. Rickaby, Babette A.A. Hoogakker, Anthony E. Rathburn, Ashley M. Burkett, Alexander J. Dickson, Gema Martínez-Méndez, Claus Dieter Hillenbrand, Xiaoli Zhou, Ellen Thomas, Zunli Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The decline in dissolved oxygen in global oceans (ocean deoxygenation) is a potential consequence of global warming which may have important impacts on ocean biogeochemistry and marine ecosystems. Current climate models do not agree on the trajectory of future deoxygenation on different timescales, in part due to uncertainties in the complex, linked effects of changes in ocean circulation, productivity and organic matter respiration. More (semi-)quantitative reconstructions of oceanic oxygen levels over the Pleistocene glacial cycles may provide a critical test of our mechanistic understanding of the response of oceanic oxygenation to climate change. Even the most promising proxies for bottom water oxygen (BWO) have limitations, which calls for new proxy development and a multi-proxy compilation to evaluate glacial ocean oxygenation. We use Holocene benthic foraminifera to explore I/Ca in Cibicidoides spp. as a BWO proxy. We propose that low I/Ca (e.g., <3 μmol/mol) in conjunction with benthic foraminiferal carbon isotope gradients and/or the surface pore area percentages in foraminiferal tests (e.g., >15%) may provide semi-quantitative estimates of low BWO in past oceans (e.g., <∼50 μmol/kg). We present I/Ca records in five cores and a global compilation of multiproxy data, indicating that bottom waters were generally less-oxygenated during glacial periods, with low O2 waters (<∼50 μmol/kg) occupying some parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Water mass ventilation and circulation may have been important in deoxygenation of the glacial deep Pacific and South Atlantic, whereas enhanced remineralization of organic matter may have had a greater impact on reducing the oxygen content of the interior Atlantic Ocean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number116055
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume533
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Fingerprint

deoxygenation
benthic foraminifera
bottom water
oceans
Oxygen
oxygen
Water
ocean
water
Oxygenation
Atlantic Ocean
oxygenation
Biological materials
Biogeochemistry
biogeochemistry
Climate models
organic matter
Aquatic ecosystems
global warming
remineralization

Keywords

  • benthic foraminifera
  • bottom water oxygen
  • Cibicidoides spp
  • glacial-interglacial cycles
  • I/Ca

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

I/Ca in epifaunal benthic foraminifera : A semi-quantitative proxy for bottom water oxygen in a multi-proxy compilation for glacial ocean deoxygenation. / Lu, Wanyi; Rickaby, Rosalind E.M.; Hoogakker, Babette A.A.; Rathburn, Anthony E.; Burkett, Ashley M.; Dickson, Alexander J.; Martínez-Méndez, Gema; Hillenbrand, Claus Dieter; Zhou, Xiaoli; Thomas, Ellen; Lu, Zunli.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 533, 116055, 01.03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lu, W, Rickaby, REM, Hoogakker, BAA, Rathburn, AE, Burkett, AM, Dickson, AJ, Martínez-Méndez, G, Hillenbrand, CD, Zhou, X, Thomas, E & Lu, Z 2020, 'I/Ca in epifaunal benthic foraminifera: A semi-quantitative proxy for bottom water oxygen in a multi-proxy compilation for glacial ocean deoxygenation', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 533, 116055. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.116055
Lu, Wanyi ; Rickaby, Rosalind E.M. ; Hoogakker, Babette A.A. ; Rathburn, Anthony E. ; Burkett, Ashley M. ; Dickson, Alexander J. ; Martínez-Méndez, Gema ; Hillenbrand, Claus Dieter ; Zhou, Xiaoli ; Thomas, Ellen ; Lu, Zunli. / I/Ca in epifaunal benthic foraminifera : A semi-quantitative proxy for bottom water oxygen in a multi-proxy compilation for glacial ocean deoxygenation. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2020 ; Vol. 533.
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abstract = "The decline in dissolved oxygen in global oceans (ocean deoxygenation) is a potential consequence of global warming which may have important impacts on ocean biogeochemistry and marine ecosystems. Current climate models do not agree on the trajectory of future deoxygenation on different timescales, in part due to uncertainties in the complex, linked effects of changes in ocean circulation, productivity and organic matter respiration. More (semi-)quantitative reconstructions of oceanic oxygen levels over the Pleistocene glacial cycles may provide a critical test of our mechanistic understanding of the response of oceanic oxygenation to climate change. Even the most promising proxies for bottom water oxygen (BWO) have limitations, which calls for new proxy development and a multi-proxy compilation to evaluate glacial ocean oxygenation. We use Holocene benthic foraminifera to explore I/Ca in Cibicidoides spp. as a BWO proxy. We propose that low I/Ca (e.g., <3 μmol/mol) in conjunction with benthic foraminiferal carbon isotope gradients and/or the surface pore area percentages in foraminiferal tests (e.g., >15{\%}) may provide semi-quantitative estimates of low BWO in past oceans (e.g., <∼50 μmol/kg). We present I/Ca records in five cores and a global compilation of multiproxy data, indicating that bottom waters were generally less-oxygenated during glacial periods, with low O2 waters (<∼50 μmol/kg) occupying some parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Water mass ventilation and circulation may have been important in deoxygenation of the glacial deep Pacific and South Atlantic, whereas enhanced remineralization of organic matter may have had a greater impact on reducing the oxygen content of the interior Atlantic Ocean.",
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AU - Hoogakker, Babette A.A.

AU - Rathburn, Anthony E.

AU - Burkett, Ashley M.

AU - Dickson, Alexander J.

AU - Martínez-Méndez, Gema

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