Hidrogeología de un acuífero en taludes montañosos: Cordillera Blanca, Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Hydrogeology of an alpine talus aquifer: Cordillera Blanca, Peru

Robin Glas, Laura K Lautz, Jeffrey McKenzie, Robert Moucha, Daniel Chavez, Bryan Mark, John W. Lane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The dramatic loss of glacial mass in low latitudes is causing shifts in downstream water availability and use during the driest months of the year. The world’s largest concentration of tropical glaciers lies in the Cordillera Blanca range of Peru, where glacial runoff is declining and regional stresses are emerging over water resources. Throughout the Cordillera Blanca, groundwater inputs from alpine meadow–talus complexes, locally known as pampas, supply proglacial streams with up to 80% of their flow during the region’s dry season. Structural knowledge of the pampa aquifers is needed to estimate their drainable groundwater storage capacity and residence time, to elucidate the role and importance of alpine groundwater storage in the regional water budget of the Cordillera Blanca. To understand the structure of these proglacial aquifers, multiple near-surface geophysical methods were implemented in a proglacial valley near dense networks of spring-fed tributaries. Geophysical results and borehole logs suggest groundwater is stored in a confined aquifer composed of buried talus deposits overlain by lacustrine clay, while deeper portions of the unit, 10–15 m in depth, are relatively clay-free and more hydraulically conductive. Based on these findings and assumptions of aquifer porosity, the pampas of the Callejon de Huaylas may store from 0.006 to 0.02 km3 of groundwater. Furthermore, these findings suggest that the talus aquifers of the Cordillera Blanca were formed in proglacial lakes, followed by infilling with fine lacustrine sediments that confine lower units and allow for groundwater discharge to springs via macropores and preferential flow.

Original languageSpanish
JournalHydrogeology Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

talus
hydrogeology
cordillera
aquifer
groundwater
clay
confined aquifer
preferential flow
geophysical method
macropore
water availability
water use
lacustrine deposit
dry season
water budget
tributary
residence time
glacier
borehole
porosity

Keywords

  • Alpine groundwater
  • Climate change
  • Cordillera Blanca
  • Geophysical methods
  • Peru

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hidrogeología de un acuífero en taludes montañosos : Cordillera Blanca, Perú. / Glas, Robin; Lautz, Laura K; McKenzie, Jeffrey; Moucha, Robert; Chavez, Daniel; Mark, Bryan; Lane, John W.

In: Hydrogeology Journal, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glas, Robin ; Lautz, Laura K ; McKenzie, Jeffrey ; Moucha, Robert ; Chavez, Daniel ; Mark, Bryan ; Lane, John W. / Hidrogeología de un acuífero en taludes montañosos : Cordillera Blanca, Perú. In: Hydrogeology Journal. 2019.
@article{0c8004aa9e774091b7322726fd2e8e7b,
title = "Hidrogeolog{\'i}a de un acu{\'i}fero en taludes monta{\~n}osos: Cordillera Blanca, Per{\'u}",
abstract = "The dramatic loss of glacial mass in low latitudes is causing shifts in downstream water availability and use during the driest months of the year. The world’s largest concentration of tropical glaciers lies in the Cordillera Blanca range of Peru, where glacial runoff is declining and regional stresses are emerging over water resources. Throughout the Cordillera Blanca, groundwater inputs from alpine meadow–talus complexes, locally known as pampas, supply proglacial streams with up to 80{\%} of their flow during the region’s dry season. Structural knowledge of the pampa aquifers is needed to estimate their drainable groundwater storage capacity and residence time, to elucidate the role and importance of alpine groundwater storage in the regional water budget of the Cordillera Blanca. To understand the structure of these proglacial aquifers, multiple near-surface geophysical methods were implemented in a proglacial valley near dense networks of spring-fed tributaries. Geophysical results and borehole logs suggest groundwater is stored in a confined aquifer composed of buried talus deposits overlain by lacustrine clay, while deeper portions of the unit, 10–15 m in depth, are relatively clay-free and more hydraulically conductive. Based on these findings and assumptions of aquifer porosity, the pampas of the Callejon de Huaylas may store from 0.006 to 0.02 km3 of groundwater. Furthermore, these findings suggest that the talus aquifers of the Cordillera Blanca were formed in proglacial lakes, followed by infilling with fine lacustrine sediments that confine lower units and allow for groundwater discharge to springs via macropores and preferential flow.",
keywords = "Alpine groundwater, Climate change, Cordillera Blanca, Geophysical methods, Peru",
author = "Robin Glas and Lautz, {Laura K} and Jeffrey McKenzie and Robert Moucha and Daniel Chavez and Bryan Mark and Lane, {John W.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10040-019-01982-5",
language = "Spanish",
journal = "Hydrogeology Journal",
issn = "1431-2174",
publisher = "Springer Heidelberg",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hidrogeología de un acuífero en taludes montañosos

T2 - Cordillera Blanca, Perú

AU - Glas, Robin

AU - Lautz, Laura K

AU - McKenzie, Jeffrey

AU - Moucha, Robert

AU - Chavez, Daniel

AU - Mark, Bryan

AU - Lane, John W.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The dramatic loss of glacial mass in low latitudes is causing shifts in downstream water availability and use during the driest months of the year. The world’s largest concentration of tropical glaciers lies in the Cordillera Blanca range of Peru, where glacial runoff is declining and regional stresses are emerging over water resources. Throughout the Cordillera Blanca, groundwater inputs from alpine meadow–talus complexes, locally known as pampas, supply proglacial streams with up to 80% of their flow during the region’s dry season. Structural knowledge of the pampa aquifers is needed to estimate their drainable groundwater storage capacity and residence time, to elucidate the role and importance of alpine groundwater storage in the regional water budget of the Cordillera Blanca. To understand the structure of these proglacial aquifers, multiple near-surface geophysical methods were implemented in a proglacial valley near dense networks of spring-fed tributaries. Geophysical results and borehole logs suggest groundwater is stored in a confined aquifer composed of buried talus deposits overlain by lacustrine clay, while deeper portions of the unit, 10–15 m in depth, are relatively clay-free and more hydraulically conductive. Based on these findings and assumptions of aquifer porosity, the pampas of the Callejon de Huaylas may store from 0.006 to 0.02 km3 of groundwater. Furthermore, these findings suggest that the talus aquifers of the Cordillera Blanca were formed in proglacial lakes, followed by infilling with fine lacustrine sediments that confine lower units and allow for groundwater discharge to springs via macropores and preferential flow.

AB - The dramatic loss of glacial mass in low latitudes is causing shifts in downstream water availability and use during the driest months of the year. The world’s largest concentration of tropical glaciers lies in the Cordillera Blanca range of Peru, where glacial runoff is declining and regional stresses are emerging over water resources. Throughout the Cordillera Blanca, groundwater inputs from alpine meadow–talus complexes, locally known as pampas, supply proglacial streams with up to 80% of their flow during the region’s dry season. Structural knowledge of the pampa aquifers is needed to estimate their drainable groundwater storage capacity and residence time, to elucidate the role and importance of alpine groundwater storage in the regional water budget of the Cordillera Blanca. To understand the structure of these proglacial aquifers, multiple near-surface geophysical methods were implemented in a proglacial valley near dense networks of spring-fed tributaries. Geophysical results and borehole logs suggest groundwater is stored in a confined aquifer composed of buried talus deposits overlain by lacustrine clay, while deeper portions of the unit, 10–15 m in depth, are relatively clay-free and more hydraulically conductive. Based on these findings and assumptions of aquifer porosity, the pampas of the Callejon de Huaylas may store from 0.006 to 0.02 km3 of groundwater. Furthermore, these findings suggest that the talus aquifers of the Cordillera Blanca were formed in proglacial lakes, followed by infilling with fine lacustrine sediments that confine lower units and allow for groundwater discharge to springs via macropores and preferential flow.

KW - Alpine groundwater

KW - Climate change

KW - Cordillera Blanca

KW - Geophysical methods

KW - Peru

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066157226&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066157226&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10040-019-01982-5

DO - 10.1007/s10040-019-01982-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85066157226

JO - Hydrogeology Journal

JF - Hydrogeology Journal

SN - 1431-2174

ER -