TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrodynamics of polar liquid crystals

AU - Kung, William

AU - Cristina Marchetti, M.

AU - Saunders, Karl

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Starting from a microscopic definition of an alignment vector proportional to the polarization, we discuss the hydrodynamics of polar liquid crystals with local C v symmetry. The free energy for polar liquid crystals differs from that of nematic liquid crystals (Dh) in that it contains terms violating the n→-n symmetry. First we show that these Z2 -odd terms induce a general splay instability of a uniform polarized state in a range of parameters. Next we use the general Poisson-bracket formalism to derive the hydrodynamic equations of the system in the polarized state. The structure of the linear hydrodynamic modes confirms the existence of the splay instability.

AB - Starting from a microscopic definition of an alignment vector proportional to the polarization, we discuss the hydrodynamics of polar liquid crystals with local C v symmetry. The free energy for polar liquid crystals differs from that of nematic liquid crystals (Dh) in that it contains terms violating the n→-n symmetry. First we show that these Z2 -odd terms induce a general splay instability of a uniform polarized state in a range of parameters. Next we use the general Poisson-bracket formalism to derive the hydrodynamic equations of the system in the polarized state. The structure of the linear hydrodynamic modes confirms the existence of the splay instability.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.73.031708

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.73.031708

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33645525769

VL - 73

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

SN - 1063-651X

IS - 3

M1 - 031708

ER -