Cellularized tissue and polymer networks can both transition from floppy to rigid as a function of their control parameters, and, yet, the two systems often mechanically interact, which may affect their respective rigidities. To study this interaction, we consider a vertex model with interfacial tension (a spheroid) embedded in a spring network in two dimensions. We identify two regimes with different global spheroid shapes, governed by the pressure resulting from competition between interfacial tension and tension in the network. In the first regime, the tissue remains compact, while in the second, a cavitation-like instability leads to the emergence of gaps at the tissue-network interface. Intriguingly, compression of the tissue promotes fluidization, while tension promotes cellular alignment and rigidification, with the mechanisms driving rigidification differing on either side of the instability.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jun 29 2020|
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