Higher-order signature cocycles for subgroups of mapping class groups and homology cylinders

Tim D. Cochran, Shelly Harvey, Peter D. Horn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We define families of invariants for elements of the mapping class group of Σ, a compact-orientable surface. For any characteristic subgroup H ◁ π 1, let J(H) denote the subgroup of mapping classes that induce the identity on π 1(Σ)/H. To any unitary representation ψ of π 1(Σ)/H, we associate a higher-order ρψ-invariant and a signature 2-cocycle σψ. These signature cocycles are shown to be generalizations of the Meyer cocycle. In particular, each ρψ is a quasimorphism and each σψ is a bounded 2-cocycle on J(H). In one of the simplest nontrivial cases, by varying ψ, we exhibit infinite families of linearly independent quasimorphisms and signature cocycles. We show that the ρψ restrict to homomorphisms on certain interesting subgroups. Many of these invariants extend naturally to the full mapping class group and some extend to the monoid of homology cylinders based on Σ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3311-3373
Number of pages63
JournalInternational Mathematics Research Notices
Volume2012
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)

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