The hemodynamic effects of orthostatic stress in elderly subjects with systolic hypertension were studied before and after long-term hydrochlorothiazide therapy (50 mg daily). Sixteen nondiabetic men aged 70 ± 1 (SE) years participated in the study initially, and 12 completed 1 year of therapy. Patients underwent 45 ° head-up incline on a tilt table before, after 1 month and after 1 year of therapy. Hemodynamic variables were measured in the following situations: (1) the supine position, (2) immediately after completion of passive 45 ° head-up position at 0 minute, (3) at 15 minutes in the tilted state while patients performed intermittent foot movements to minimize gravitational pooling and simulate the standing position outside the laboratory, and (4) after returning to the supine position. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) decreased significantly after 1 month of therapy, and this reduction was maintained up to 1 year in all aforementioned body positions, with the exception of diastolic BP at 0 minute of tilt, which was significant at 1 year only. Before therapy was begun, there was a significant reduction in systolic BP immediately after completion of fitting; however, this was statistically insignificant both at 1 month and 1 year of therapy. Thus, the data may help dispel the concern of exacerbating the hypotensive response to orthostatic stress in patients with systolic hypertension after long-term thiazide diuretic therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine