Gulf Nationalism and the Geopolitics of Constructing Falconry as a 'Heritage Sport'

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Abstract

This paper illustrates how Gulf nationals' claims to their homelands are affirmed and enacted through the ostensibly banal, but highly political, effort to construct falconry as a 'heritage sport'. Taking the case of the United Arab Emirates, I argue that local elites have harnessed the global discourse of 'heritage' to construct an ethnicized and gendered vision of a primordial Arab homeland. Heritage discourses surrounding falconry play an important role in legitimating prevailing structural inequalities in Gulf societies, reaffirming the minority citizen-nationals' claims to 'ownership' of the state, as well as naturalizing the masculinist imaginings of desert landscapes. Also considering the transnational dimensions of a geopolitics of falconry, I show how these nationalist narratives relate to cross-regional networks between the Arabian Peninsula and Central Asia. I argue that Gulf Arab falconry practices are not essentially 'primordial', but are made possible by and reinforce political economic inequalities institutionalized by contemporary territorial regimes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)522-539
Number of pages18
JournalStudies in Ethnicity and Nationalism
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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