GreenPlanning: Optimal Energy Source Selection and Capacity Planning for Green Datacenters

Fanxin Kong, Xue Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cloud service providers such as Microsoft and Google are beginning to power up their datacenters using multiple energy sources. To reduce cost and emission, they incorporate green energy sources into the power supply, while to improve service availability, they back up datacenters using traditional (usually brown) energy sources. However, challenge arises due to distinct characteristics of energy sources used for different goals. How to select optimal energy sources and plan their capacity for constructing datacenters to meet cost, emission and service availability requirement remains to be fully explored. This work provides a holistic solution to address this problem. We present GreenPlanning, a framework to strike a judicious balance among multiple energy sources, grid power and energy storage devices for a datacenter in terms of the above three goals. GreenPlanning investigates different features and operations of a wide spectrum of green and brown energy sources available to datacenters. The framework minimizes the lifetime total cost including both capital and operational cost for a datacenter. We conduct extensive simulations to evaluate GreenPlanning with real-life computational workload and meteorological data traces. Results demonstrate that GreenPlanning can reduce the lifetime total cost and emission by more than 50% compared to traditional configurations, while still satisfying service availability requirement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 ACM/IEEE 7th International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems, ICCPS 2016 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781509017720
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems, ICCPS 2016 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Apr 11 2016Apr 14 2016

Other

Other7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems, ICCPS 2016
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period4/11/164/14/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications

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    Kong, F., & Liu, X. (2016). GreenPlanning: Optimal Energy Source Selection and Capacity Planning for Green Datacenters. In 2016 ACM/IEEE 7th International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems, ICCPS 2016 - Proceedings [7479104] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCPS.2016.7479104