Graphene Oxide-Silver Nanowire Nanocomposites for Enhanced Sensing of Hg2+

Md Tawabur Rahman, Md Faisal Kabir, Ashim Gurung, Khan Mamun Reza, Rajesh Pathak, Nabin Ghimire, Aravind Baride, Zhenqiang Wang, Mahesh Kumar, Qiquan Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We demonstrate a highly sensitive and selective sensing platform for the electrochemical detection of Hg2+ in aqueous media. A graphene oxide (GO) and silver nanowire (AgNW) nanocomposites modified platinum (Pt) electrode has been applied to determine Hg2+ by using square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV). The synergistic effect of graphene oxide and conductive AgNW greatly facilitates faster electron transport and sensing behavior for Hg2+. Under the optimum conditions, the sensor shows a high sensitivity of ∼0.29 μA/nM and a linear response in the range 1-70 nM toward Hg2+. The detection limit of the GO-AgNW nanocomposites modified electrode toward Hg2+ is ∼0.1 nM, which is significantly less than the safety limit defined by the World Health Organization. The sensor has an excellent selective response to Hg2+ against other interfering heavy metal ions such as Pb2+, Cd2+, Cu2+, Na+, and Ag+. In addition, the sensor exhibits a high repeatability and reproducibility. The sensor is employed for the detection of Hg2+ in tap water samples with an outstanding performance, suggesting it is a very promising platform for on-site monitoring of Hg2+ in water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4842-4851
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • electrochemical
  • graphene oxide
  • Hg sensor
  • nanocomposites
  • nanowire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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