Glucose administration reverses the effects of both muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptor antagonists on memory and other measures. In experiment 1, we found that glucose attenuated impairments on spontaneous alternation after muscarinic (scopolamine, 0.5 mg/kg) or nicotonic (mecamylamine, 5.0 mg/kg) receptor blockade. In experiment 2, we examined whether glucose could reverse the spontaneous alternation impairments produced by combined muscarinic-nicotinic receptor blockade. Scopolamine (0.1 mg/kg) and mecamylamine (2.5 mg/kg) when administered separately did not modify alternation performance, but when coadministered they decreased spontaneous alternation scores. This decrease was attenuated by glucose at 100, 300, 500 and 3000 mg/kg. These findings suggest that glucose may attenuate the behavioral impairment by enhancing cholinergic activity and/or other neurotransmitter systems.
- Spontaneous alternaion
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