Glassy dynamics in models of confluent tissue with mitosis and apoptosis

Michael Czajkowski, Daniel M. Sussman, M. Cristina Marchetti, M. Lisa Manning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent work on particle-based models of tissues has suggested that any finite rate of cell division and cell death is sufficient to fluidize an epithelial tissue. At the same time, experimental evidence has indicated the existence of glassy dynamics in some epithelial layers despite continued cell cycling. To address this discrepancy, we quantify the role of cell birth and death on glassy states in confluent tissues using simulations of an active vertex model that includes cell motility, cell division, and cell death. Our simulation data is consistent with a simple ansatz in which the rate of cell-life cycling and the rate of relaxation of the tissue in the absence of cell cycling contribute independently and additively to the overall rate of cell motion. Specifically, we find that a glass-like regime with caging behavior indicated by subdiffusive cell displacements can be achieved in systems with sufficiently low rates of cell cycling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9133-9149
Number of pages17
JournalSoft Matter
Volume15
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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mitosis
apoptosis
Tissue
Apoptosis
Cell death
cells
Cells
death
cell division
cycles
Glass
locomotion
data simulation
apexes
glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Glassy dynamics in models of confluent tissue with mitosis and apoptosis. / Czajkowski, Michael; Sussman, Daniel M.; Marchetti, M. Cristina; Manning, M. Lisa.

In: Soft Matter, Vol. 15, No. 44, 01.01.2019, p. 9133-9149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Czajkowski, Michael ; Sussman, Daniel M. ; Marchetti, M. Cristina ; Manning, M. Lisa. / Glassy dynamics in models of confluent tissue with mitosis and apoptosis. In: Soft Matter. 2019 ; Vol. 15, No. 44. pp. 9133-9149.
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