Give and Take: A Watershed Acid Rain Mitigation Experiment Increases Baseflow Nitrogen Retention but Increases Stormflow Nitrogen Export

Richard E. Marinos, John L. Campbell, Charles T Driscoll, Gene E. Likens, William H. McDowell, Emma J. Rosi, Lindsey E. Rustad, Emily S. Bernhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In many temperate forested watersheds, hydrologic nitrogen export has declined substantially in recent decades, and many of these watersheds show enduring effects from historic acid deposition. A watershed acid remediation experiment in New Hampshire reversed many of these legacy effects of acid deposition and also increased watershed nitrogen export, suggesting that these two phenomena may be coupled. Here we examine stream nitrate dynamics in this watershed acid remediation experiment for indicators of nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Post-treatment, the (positive) slope of the relationship between nitrate concentration and discharge increased by a median of 82% (p = 0.004). This resulted in greater flushing of nitrate during storm events, a key indicator of early stage nitrogen saturation. Hysteretic behavior of the concentration-discharge relationship indicated that the mobilization of soil nitrate pools was responsible for this increased flushing. In contrast to this evidence for nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial ecosystem, we found that nitrogen uptake increased, post-treatment, in the aquatic ecosystem, substantially attenuating growing-season nitrate flux by up to 71.1% (p = 0.025). These results suggest that, as forests slowly recover from acid precipitation, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystem nitrogen balance may be substantially altered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13155-13165
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume52
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2018

Fingerprint

Acid Rain
acid rain
baseflow
Watersheds
mitigation
Nitrogen
watershed
Nitrates
nitrogen
Aquatic ecosystems
nitrate
Acids
terrestrial ecosystem
aquatic ecosystem
experiment
Experiments
acid deposition
saturation
Remediation
flushing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Give and Take : A Watershed Acid Rain Mitigation Experiment Increases Baseflow Nitrogen Retention but Increases Stormflow Nitrogen Export. / Marinos, Richard E.; Campbell, John L.; Driscoll, Charles T; Likens, Gene E.; McDowell, William H.; Rosi, Emma J.; Rustad, Lindsey E.; Bernhardt, Emily S.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 52, No. 22, 20.11.2018, p. 13155-13165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marinos, Richard E. ; Campbell, John L. ; Driscoll, Charles T ; Likens, Gene E. ; McDowell, William H. ; Rosi, Emma J. ; Rustad, Lindsey E. ; Bernhardt, Emily S. / Give and Take : A Watershed Acid Rain Mitigation Experiment Increases Baseflow Nitrogen Retention but Increases Stormflow Nitrogen Export. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2018 ; Vol. 52, No. 22. pp. 13155-13165.
@article{37e2c97b51874f88bb3ddb108c5cbc34,
title = "Give and Take: A Watershed Acid Rain Mitigation Experiment Increases Baseflow Nitrogen Retention but Increases Stormflow Nitrogen Export",
abstract = "In many temperate forested watersheds, hydrologic nitrogen export has declined substantially in recent decades, and many of these watersheds show enduring effects from historic acid deposition. A watershed acid remediation experiment in New Hampshire reversed many of these legacy effects of acid deposition and also increased watershed nitrogen export, suggesting that these two phenomena may be coupled. Here we examine stream nitrate dynamics in this watershed acid remediation experiment for indicators of nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Post-treatment, the (positive) slope of the relationship between nitrate concentration and discharge increased by a median of 82{\%} (p = 0.004). This resulted in greater flushing of nitrate during storm events, a key indicator of early stage nitrogen saturation. Hysteretic behavior of the concentration-discharge relationship indicated that the mobilization of soil nitrate pools was responsible for this increased flushing. In contrast to this evidence for nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial ecosystem, we found that nitrogen uptake increased, post-treatment, in the aquatic ecosystem, substantially attenuating growing-season nitrate flux by up to 71.1{\%} (p = 0.025). These results suggest that, as forests slowly recover from acid precipitation, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystem nitrogen balance may be substantially altered.",
author = "Marinos, {Richard E.} and Campbell, {John L.} and Driscoll, {Charles T} and Likens, {Gene E.} and McDowell, {William H.} and Rosi, {Emma J.} and Rustad, {Lindsey E.} and Bernhardt, {Emily S.}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1021/acs.est.8b03553",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "13155--13165",
journal = "Environmental Science & Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "22",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Give and Take

T2 - A Watershed Acid Rain Mitigation Experiment Increases Baseflow Nitrogen Retention but Increases Stormflow Nitrogen Export

AU - Marinos, Richard E.

AU - Campbell, John L.

AU - Driscoll, Charles T

AU - Likens, Gene E.

AU - McDowell, William H.

AU - Rosi, Emma J.

AU - Rustad, Lindsey E.

AU - Bernhardt, Emily S.

PY - 2018/11/20

Y1 - 2018/11/20

N2 - In many temperate forested watersheds, hydrologic nitrogen export has declined substantially in recent decades, and many of these watersheds show enduring effects from historic acid deposition. A watershed acid remediation experiment in New Hampshire reversed many of these legacy effects of acid deposition and also increased watershed nitrogen export, suggesting that these two phenomena may be coupled. Here we examine stream nitrate dynamics in this watershed acid remediation experiment for indicators of nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Post-treatment, the (positive) slope of the relationship between nitrate concentration and discharge increased by a median of 82% (p = 0.004). This resulted in greater flushing of nitrate during storm events, a key indicator of early stage nitrogen saturation. Hysteretic behavior of the concentration-discharge relationship indicated that the mobilization of soil nitrate pools was responsible for this increased flushing. In contrast to this evidence for nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial ecosystem, we found that nitrogen uptake increased, post-treatment, in the aquatic ecosystem, substantially attenuating growing-season nitrate flux by up to 71.1% (p = 0.025). These results suggest that, as forests slowly recover from acid precipitation, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystem nitrogen balance may be substantially altered.

AB - In many temperate forested watersheds, hydrologic nitrogen export has declined substantially in recent decades, and many of these watersheds show enduring effects from historic acid deposition. A watershed acid remediation experiment in New Hampshire reversed many of these legacy effects of acid deposition and also increased watershed nitrogen export, suggesting that these two phenomena may be coupled. Here we examine stream nitrate dynamics in this watershed acid remediation experiment for indicators of nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Post-treatment, the (positive) slope of the relationship between nitrate concentration and discharge increased by a median of 82% (p = 0.004). This resulted in greater flushing of nitrate during storm events, a key indicator of early stage nitrogen saturation. Hysteretic behavior of the concentration-discharge relationship indicated that the mobilization of soil nitrate pools was responsible for this increased flushing. In contrast to this evidence for nitrogen saturation in the terrestrial ecosystem, we found that nitrogen uptake increased, post-treatment, in the aquatic ecosystem, substantially attenuating growing-season nitrate flux by up to 71.1% (p = 0.025). These results suggest that, as forests slowly recover from acid precipitation, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystem nitrogen balance may be substantially altered.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056513907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85056513907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acs.est.8b03553

DO - 10.1021/acs.est.8b03553

M3 - Article

C2 - 30379543

AN - SCOPUS:85056513907

VL - 52

SP - 13155

EP - 13165

JO - Environmental Science & Technology

JF - Environmental Science & Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 22

ER -