Germ cell nests and germline cysts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Germ cells in many organisms develop in clusters called germline cysts. These structures have been well described in the Drosophila model system where the cystoblast divides several times without completing cytokinesis to form the cysts. Similar structures are found in a variety of animals including mammals. In the mouse, germ cell cysts form from the mitotic division of primordial germ cells. The cysts fragment and associate in nests with fragments from other cysts. Eventually the nests break apart and individual oocytes are surrounded by pregranulosa cells forming primordial follicles. The mechanisms controlling nest breakdown are beginning to be elucidated in the mouse. While it is clear in Drosophila that germ cell cysts serve an important function in nourishing the oocyte, functions in other species are not clear though a wide variety of roles has been proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Reproduction
PublisherElsevier
Pages159-166
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780128151457
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Embryonic ovary
  • Fetal ovary
  • Germ cell
  • Germ cell nest
  • Germline cyst
  • Intercellular bridge
  • Mouse
  • Oocytes
  • Ovary
  • Primary oocyte
  • Primordial follicle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Pepling, M., & Lei, L. (2018). Germ cell nests and germline cysts. In Encyclopedia of Reproduction (pp. 159-166). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-801238-3.64710-4