Geometrical folding transitions of the triangular lattice in the face-centred cubic lattice

M. Bowick, O. Golinelli, E. Guitter, S. Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the folding of the regular two-dimensional triangular lattice embedded in the regular three-dimensional Face-Centred Cubic lattice, a discrete model for the crumpling of phantom membranes. Possible folds are complete planar folds, folds with the angle of a regular tetrahedron (71°) or with that of a regular octahedron (109°). We study this model in the presence of a negative bending rigidity K, which favours the folding process. We use both a cluster variation method (CVM) approximation and a transfer matrix approach. The system is shown to undergo two separate geometrical transitions with increasing |K|: a first discontinuous transition separates a phase where the triangular lattice is preferentially wrapped around octahedra from a phase where it is preferentially wrapped around tetrahedra. A second continuous transition separates this latter phase from a phase of complete folding of the lattice on top of a single triangle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-607
Number of pages25
JournalNuclear Physics B
Volume495
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 1997

Keywords

  • Bending rigidity
  • Crumpling
  • Folding
  • Membrane
  • Phase transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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