Gender role orientation and physical health: A study among young adults

Kim Shifren, Robert Bauserman, D. Bruce Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The purpose to this study was to examine the relationship between gender role orientation and physical health among young adults. One hundred forty-five undergraduates (103 females, 42 males) completed a measure of gender role orientation (Bem Sex Role Inventory), self-reported physical health (Personal Health Questionnaire), health related behaviors (Health Behaviors Inventory), and neuroticism (Eysenck Personality Inventory). The sample consisted of European-American (89%), African-American (8%), and Asian-American (3%) individuals. Results showed that gender role orientation was significantly related to health-related behaviors (e.g., smoking, exercise), but not to self-reported physical health (e.g., upper respiratory infections). Overall, androgynous individuals had better health-related behaviors than masculine, feminine, and undifferentiated individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-432
Number of pages12
JournalSex Roles
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Sep 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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